Tchétchénie – Logiques de violence et expérience de guerre
Paris, 22-23 octobre 2012
Auditorium de la BULAC, 65 rue des Grands Moulins, Paris 13 (M° Bibliothèque François Mitterrand)
Lundi 22 octobre
9h30-10h00 : Introduction, Aude Merlin, Université Libre de Bruxelles & Anne Le Huérou, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre la Défense /CERCEC
10h00-12h30 Combattre et légitimer la guerre (Fighting and its Legitimization)
Présidente : Françoise Daucé, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand / CERCEC
- Radan Haluzík, Center for Theoretical Study, Charles University, Prague, “In the beginning it was like a game of soldiers, unfortunately with tragic results…“ The Rationale of War Ecstasy, Aesthetics and Performativity
- Nataliya Danilova, University of Nottingham, The commemoration of the Russian military casualties killed in Chechnya
- Jean-François Ratelle, University of Ottawa / George Washington University, Pathways and Processes toward Violent Participation Following the End of the Counter-Terrorist Operation in Chechnya
- Cerwyn Moore, University of Birmingham, Assessing the Caucasus Emirate: An Analysis of the Regional Insurgency
Discutante : Aglaya Snetkov, Senior Researcher, Center for Security Studies, ETH Zurich
12h30-14h00 : déjeuner
14h00-16h30 : Guerre et logiques de violence post-guerre (Logics of War and Post-War Violence)
Présidente : Vanessa Voisin, historienne, directrice adjointe du CEFR, Moscou
- Mikhail Roshin, Institut d’Orientalisme de l’Académie des sciences de Russie, Проблема похищения людей в годы между двумя чеченскими войнами (1997-1999) (Le problème des prises d’otage dans les années d’entre deux guerres (1997-1999)
- Emma Gilligan, Department of History, University of Connecticut (USA), Origin, meaning and military practice of the “zachistka”
- Anne Le Huérou, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre la Défense /CERCEC, Violences « post-conflit » en Tchétchénie : héritage de la guerre, structures répressives, perpétuation de l’impunité
- John Russell, University of Bradford (UK), Ramzan Kadyrov’s ‘illiberal peace’ in Chechnya
Discutante : Katya Sokirianskaya, docteure en science politique, chercheuse pour l’International Crisis Group, Moscou.
19h30-21h30 Conférence publique : Tchétchénie : un après-guerre sans paix ?»
Maison des métallos (salle 2), 94 rue Jean-Pierre Timbaud, 75011 PARIS
Avec la participation de Igor Kaliapine, (comité contre la torture, Joint mobile group en Tchétchénie), Tanya Lokshina (Human Rights Watch Russie), Jean Radvanyi (INALCO), une journaliste de Grozny.
Conférence animée par Sacha Koulaeva (FIDH) avec la participation de l’ACAT, Amnesty International, FIDH, Human Rights Watch France et avec le soutien de la Ligue des droits de l’Homme.
Mardi 23 octobre
9h-11h00 : Quelles sources pour l’analyse des violences en Tchétchénie ? (Analysing Violence : What Sources ?)
Présidente : Raphaelle Branche, Université Paris I/ Centre d’Histoire sociale
- Ludmilla Polshikova, « Stichting Russian Justice Initiative», Чечня как пространство насилия и его координаты в устных свидетельствах 2001-2003 гг (La Tchétchénie comme espace de violence et ses paramètres dans les témoignages oraux de 2001-2003)
- Zadora, Anna, Centre de la protection internationale (Strasbourg-Moscou), Evénements” tchétchènes : quelques réflexions à travers les requêtes des victimes devant la CEDH.
- Regamey, Amandine, Centre d’Etudes Franco-Russes, Moscou, Tchétchénie 1999-2001 la place des violences matérielles
Discutante : Marielle Debos, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre la Défense/ISP
11h00-11h30 : pause café
11h30-13h30 : Guerre et bouleversements sociaux (Social Consequences of War)
Président: Maïrbek Vatchagaev, historien.
- Tanya Lokshina, Senior Russia Researcher, Human Rights Watch, Moscou, Women in Chechnya
- Alice Sczepanikova, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Living with the consequences of war: Chechen refugee women in Europe and the transformation of society
- Ieva Raubisko, University of Latvia, Processes of loss and moral transformation in post-war Chechnya
Discutante : Nathalie Duclos, Université de Tours/ ISP
13h30-15h00 : déjeuner
15h00-17h00 La fabrique des identités par la guerre (Creating Identities Through the War)
Président : Alain Blum, directeur du CERCEC (CNRS/EHESS)
- Aude Merlin, Université libre de Bruxelles/CEVIPOL, Usages politiques de l’histoire et de la mémoire : les enjeux paradoxaux de la fabrication d’une identité collective sélective dans la Tchétchénie de R. Kadyrov
- Walter Sperling, Ruhr University Bochum (Germany) Grozny as before the War: Remembrance and Reconciliation in ‘Virtual’ and ‘Real’ Post-Soviet Communities
- Pavel Polian, Institut de Géographie de l’Académie des Sciences, Moscou, Грозненская агломерация как жертва войны: о расселение Чечни в постсоветское время (L’agglomération de Grozny comme victime de la guerre : de l’habitat en Tchétchénie à l’époque post-soviétique)
Discutante : Silvia Serrano, CERCEC (CNRS/EHESS)
17h00-17h30 : pause café
17h30-18h30 : Discussion finale animée par Jean Radvanyi, Professeur à l’INALCO.
Son réalisateur, Alexandre Vartanov viendra présenter son film aux projections suivantes :
* Dimanche 9 septembre à 21 h 30 au Forum des Images. (Salle 500)
* Jeudi 13 septembre à 14 h 30 au Forum des Images. (Salle 300)
Le héros du film a 14 ans et il déteste sa vie.
Afin d’échapper à son triste quotidien où il se sent faible et lâche, il s’invente un monde imaginaire dans lequel il se sent noble et courageux.
Envoyé dans une école de redressement, ses rêves et la réalité ne deviennent plus qu’un.
Russie – 2011 – 120 min – Russe – Noir & Blanc
Pour visionner le trailer : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JHCsFuwzHoY&feature=youtu.be
Ce premier film est un hommage radical aux “400 Coups” de François Truffaut.
Il fait aussi écho à la Russie d’aujourd’hui où la violence chez les jeunes reste la seule arme.
This book questions the roots of violence and explores the paths which allow to free oneself from them: revolt, kindness, critic and shame.
See an article in Le Monde: http://www.lemonde.fr/livres/article/2012/02/23/le-consentement-meurtrier-de-marc-crepon_1647160_3260.html
We are pleased to introduce to you to the site of a project that can have a lot in common with ours, though it is more focused on the late Soviet period. Excerpt from the home page ” The network investigates the relationship between physical violence and state legitimacy in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, addressing the following questions: How did the state control violence after Stalin? How did political legitimation change after 1956? How were these changes related to the repression and to the use of violent force? To what extent did physical violence disappear from politics? How was physical violence in the private sphere dealt with? Did these changes contribute to the decline of communism?” see the site
Embassy of France in Ukraine
Chair of Ukrainian Studies at the University of Ottawa (Canada)
Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales [EHESS] (France)
Internet network “historians.in.ua”
Research project “Understanding Violence in Russia”russiaviolence.hypotheses.org
Doctoral School of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy (Ukraine)
French-Russian Centre for Humanities and Social Sciences in Moscow (Russia)
Zhytomyr State University (Ukraine)
“How naïve, how kindly and patriarchal the old prisons huddled on the outskirts of towns now appeared – beside these camp-cities, beside the awful crimson-black glow that hung over the gas ovens! You might well think that the management of such a vast number of prisoners would have required an equally vast army of guards and supervisors. In fact, whole weeks would pass by without anyone in an SS uniform so much as appearing inside the barrack-huts. It was the prisoners themselves who policed the camp-cities (…) It seemed as though the German authorities could disappear altogether, the prisoners would maintain the high-voltage current in the wires and go on with their work.”
This is the way Vasily Grossman, a Soviet writer born in a Jewish family in central Ukraine, defines in his major novel Life and Fate the level and sophistication of violence reached in the XXth century. The novel dedicated to the Second World War is a reflection on the management of violence in war conditions and its ambiguity, but also on the violence experienced by political prisoners in Stalinist camps and on the pervasiveness of violence in all spheres of life. Having lost his mother in the Berdichev ghetto during the war, the writer dedicated his novel to her and her shadow is present in the author’s whole work of writing and memory.
Following Grossman’s path, not only symbolically but also physically by installing the school near his native city, the Summer School will address the complexity and the aftermaths of violence, not only in war times, but also in times of peace, in the Soviet and post-Soviet context.
The Fourth International Social Science Summer School in Ukraine will provide a unique forum for the presentation and discussion of the latest research on violence issues, involving specialists of the topic, as well as young promising researchers.
The School is interdisciplinary. The organizers welcome proposals from the disciplines of history, sociology, anthropology, political science, economics, and adjacent fields. While the primary focus will be on the socialist and post-socialist era (in the former Soviet Union, Central, Eastern and Southern Europe), pre-Soviet history may also be examined. The discussions and presentations will analyze different dimensions of violence: war and non-war situations; state management of violence, as well as individual and collective strategies; mechanisms of violence outbreak; violent practices and post-violence situations; perpetrators and victims; sources and methods.
Some of the issues of particular interest to the School include:
• State monopoly of violence, implementation and resistance (past and present)
o Soviet repressive practices
o Police: use of force and violent practices
o Justice, prison, coercion
o Terrorism and anti-terrorism
o State management of public protest
o Violence of/towards economic actors (mafia, raids)
• War and post-war, conflict situations
o Mobilization and control of violence in combat
o Civil population during war and post-conflict
o Ethnic conflicts, border conflicts, other forms of mass violence
o Return to civilian life
• Violent practices and violent behaviour
o State and non-state violence towards property or objects
o Social, domestic and everyday violence
o Gendered dimension of violence
o Violence and non-violence as a strategy for political, social and economical actors
o Public protest practices: strikes, demonstrations
o Education and socialization to violence
• Memory and representation of violence
o Collective memory of violence
o Representation of violence in media and art
o Life course and trauma
o Veterans and veterans’ movements
The Summer School is designed to be interdisciplinary and international. Participants are expected to present their own work and to participate in group discussions. The School’s program consists of lectures, panel presentations and discussions, as well field trips within the region, followed by discussion sessions.
Zhytomyr (Central Ukraine, 130 km from Kyiv) is nowadays a middle-sized city of 278,000 inhabitants in a mostly rural area. The official founding date is 884, though this fact and has only a legendary basis. The first records of the town date from 1240 and are linked to Zhytomyr being sacked by the Mongols of Batu Khan. Successively Lithuanian, Polish, Russian, Soviet and Ukrainian, the town has been destroyed and rebuilt several times.
From the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, many Poles and Jews lived here. The Jewish roots of Vladimir Lenin are related to Zhytomyr. His grandfather, Mr Blank, belonged to the local town dwellers. In Zhytomyr for a long time lived Khaim Byalik – one of the founders of the modern Hebrew language. The Zhytomyr region is also related to the biography and writings by authors such as Honoré de Balzac, Lesya Ukrainka, and Józef Kraszewski. The famous musicians Svyatoslav Richter and Juliusz Zarembski are also Zhytomyr natives.
During the Soviet years – and still nowadays – the city was more willing to be proud of another of his children, the designer of the first Soviet space rockets Sergey Korolev; two local museums commemorate its life and the Soviet conquest of the space.
During the 20th century Zhytomyr has gradually lost its multicultural nature. The predominant Jewish community was largely annihilated in the Holocaust; the Soviet migration policy has brought there a more mixed population. Today, Zhytomyr is a rather typical post-Soviet city, combining in its landscape architectural traces of the old times, past conflicts injuries, Soviet urbanization marks and post-Soviet commercial development.
One week, Wednesday 4 – Tuesday 10 July 2012.
The Summer School is open to PhD students (or students enrolled in a kandidat nauk program) and young researchers (up to six years removed from their PhD or kandidat nauk degree). Empirically grounded proposals are particularly welcomed.
The working language of the Summer School will be English, and it is important that prospective participants have a good knowledge of this language.
The selection committee will select candidates based on their responses to this Call for Proposals. The selected candidates will be advised before the end of May.
There is no program fee. Local transportation from/to Kyiv, accommodation, meals, classes, lectures, seminars and excursions are provided by the organizers and free of charge. The participants or their universities should only pay the travel expenses from the participant’s country to Kyiv.
How to apply?
To be considered for the Summer School, candidates must complete an application form (that includes a 500 word project proposal) and add a CV. They can also send an additional written sample, such as a conference paper, a dissertation chapter, or a publication (optional). The application must be sent by e-mail to email@example.com, by 15 April 2012.
The application form can be requested at Ukrainesummerschool@gmail.com or downloaded on the following address: http://historians.in.ua/index.php/ogoloshennya/89-summer-school-in-ukraine-2012 or in the attached file Application_form_ZSS-1
For more information, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
DEADLINE FOR APPLICATIONS
15TH APRIL 2012
The New bibliography compiled by F. Daucé & E. Sieca-Kozlowski is available at http://russiaviolence.hypotheses.org/bibliographies/violence-in-the-russian-armed-forces. It will be regularly updated.