All posts by Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski

Call for Papers – Violence in Twentieth-Century Russia and Eurasia: Experience, Affect, Memory, and Legacies

CFP: Violence in Twentieth-Century Russia and Eurasia: Experience, Affect, Memory, and Legacies

Ralph and Ruth Fisher Forum

Russian, East European, and Eurasian Center University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign June 19-20, 2015

Organized by Harriet Murav and Mark Steinberg Continue reading Call for Papers – Violence in Twentieth-Century Russia and Eurasia: Experience, Affect, Memory, and Legacies

Book – C. Salloum, B. Brice, “Penser la violence collective”, Nuvis, 2012

penser la violence collectiveC. Salloum, B. Brice, Penser la violence collective, Nuvis, 2012.

Depuis quelques temps, l’usage du terme de « guerre » connaît une remise en cause : d’un côté la guerre est euphémisée par l’usage de termes moins rudes (« intervention », « opération », « maintien de la paix »), de l’autre, elle est banalisée par un usage extensif (guerre entre entreprises, guerre contre la maladie, guerre contre la misère). Le présent ouvrage se réfère donc à la notion de violence dans son acception générale, puisque les contributions ne se limitent pas à la violence armée entre communautés politiques.

En présentant l’évolution de la pensée sur la violence collective, les champs dans lesquels elle se déploie, les paradigmes qui servent à la comprendre, la justifier et la canaliser, ce livre permet d’appréhender la violence dans toute sa complexité et de faire ressortir à la fois ruptures et continuités. L’objectif n’est pas de présenter des recommandations opérationnelles aux militaires, aux diplomates ou aux hommes politiques directement engagés dans l’action, mais de proposer à tous ceux qui souhaitent mieux comprendre le monde actuel, des repères théoriques généraux s’appuyant sur de solides analyses empiriques.

À une époque où l’incertitude paraît dominer, où les faits présentent un aspect particulièrement ambivalent, où les informations circulent à grande vitesse, où les données s’accumulent sans ordre ni hiérarchie, il apparaissait nécessaire d’éclairer l’action politique par une mise en perspective scientifique.

Publié avec le concours de l’IRSEM

TABLE DES MATIÈRES DE L’OUVRAGE

Introduction

Première partie : Comprendre la violence

La guerre, violence émancipée ou violence apprivoisée ? Par Benjamin Brice

Violence politique versus violence criminelle : une distinction obsolète ? L’interpénétration des phénomènes de violence dans les conflits contemporains. Par Sihem Djebbi

Bringing cruelty down to the political. La cruauté dans la guerre civile. Par Cynthia Salloum

Expliquer la violence militaire d’État : la culture stratégique comme outil de recours à la force armée. Par Olivier Schmitt

 

Deuxième partie : Justifier la violence

Violence et identité : regards sur les Croisades. Par Grégory Cattaneo

Corps d’élite et légitimation de la violence dans l’évolution de la guerre de siège au XVIIe siècle. Par Rémi Masson

L’Occident et la violence dans la guerre : stratégies discursives et maîtrise de l’opinion publique. Par Ilinca Mathieu           

Swords without words : Menacer, est-ce agresser ? Par Félix Blanc

 

Troisième partie : Canaliser la violence

La fin de la violence conflictuelle et le Droit International. Par Radidja Nemar

Lenteurs, pesanteurs, difficile réforme du dispositif pénitentiaire militaire français, un outil de violence légale de la IIIe République. Par Valériane Milloz          

 

Conclusion : Bilan et pistes de recherche 

 

Call for Papers – European Perspectives on Cultures of Violence

Call cultures of violenceThe Centre for English Local History, University of Leicester, 27-28 June 2013

What can we learn from the way that violent behaviour is experienced and perceived in European culture? This interdisciplinary conference invites discussion over the nature of violence in differing times and places. Continue reading Call for Papers – European Perspectives on Cultures of Violence

Debate on Violence in Western Europe – Book & Review

Pinker S. The Better Angels of our Nature. New York: Viking; 2011.

Editor’s presentation: Faced with the ceaseless stream of news about war, crime, and terrorism, one could easily think we live in the most violent age ever seen. Yet as New York Times bestselling author Steven Pinker shows in this startling and engaging new work, just the opposite is true: violence has been diminishing for millennia and we may be living in the most peaceful time in our species’s existence. For most of history, war, slavery, infanticide, child abuse, assassinations, pogroms, gruesome punishments, deadly quarrels, and genocide were ordinary features of life. But today, Pinker shows (with the help of more than a hundred graphs and maps) all these forms of violence have dwindled and are widely condemned. How has this happened?

Elizabeth Kolbert’s book review in the New Yorker

Abstract: BOOKS review of Steven Pinker’s “The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined” (Viking; $40). In the weeks following Anders Behring Breivik’s shooting spree in Norway, commentators on both sides of the Atlantic struggled to make sense of what had happened. Many used the occasion to warn of the dangers of homegrown terrorism. Others argued that the shootings revealed the growing menace of nativist rhetoric. Still others maintained that the problem was peculiarly Norwegian, a combination of inept policing and misguided pacifism. “How long would the Norway gunman have lasted in Texas, or any state where concealed-carry laws are on the books?” Michael Reagan, Ronald Reagan’s oldest son, asked in a widely reprinted opinion piece. He continued, “There’s a lot of truth in the old adage that, if guns are outlawed, only outlaws will carry guns.” Another possible take on Utøya—admittedly not a popular one—is that the whole incident was blown way out of proportion. In “The Better Angels of Our Nature,” Steven Pinker didn’t get a chance to comment on the Utøya shootings, since the volume went to press before the attack took place. Yet the book can be read as a long argument—a seven-hundred-page-long argument—for this last proposition. Pinker, a Harvard psychology professor and best-selling science writer, wants to correct what he sees as a basic misperception. Fed on a steady diet of gruesome news—terrorist bombings, schoolyard shootings, deadly riots—people have come to think of life in modern, industrialized societies as dangerous, when just the opposite is true. Western Europe is not only the safest place to live in the world today; it is probably the safest, most peaceful place in the history of humankind. During the past couple of decades, there has been a surge of research on prehistoric mayhem, and Pinker’s claims grow out of a great deal of this recent work in what might be called atrociology. As is frequently the case with the so-called human sciences, the latest thinking recalls some of the very oldest. The savages, it turns out, really were savage! The medievals did, in fact, go medieval! But there’s more to “The Better Angels of Our Nature” than reviving such politically incorrect notions. Pinker doesn’t just want to prove that rates of violence have fallen; he wants to explain why. The scope of Pinker’s attentions is almost entirely confined to Western Europe. There is little discussion in “The Better Angels of Our Nature” about trends in violence in Asia or Africa or South America. Indeed, even the United States poses difficulties for him. There is much in “The Better Angels of Our Nature” that is confounding. Those developments which might seem to fit into his schema are treated in detail. Yet other episodes that one would think are more relevant to a history of violence are simply glossed over.

Read more: http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/books/2011/10/03/111003crbo_books_kolbert#ixzz2Eds2fIqk

 

Journal Issue – Pipss.org – Police Brutality & Police Reform in Russia & the CIS – Nov. 2012

The Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies, Pipss.revues.org – Issue 13 – Police Brutality & Police Reform in Russia & the CIS – http://pipss.revues.org/3813

Introduction, by Anne Le Huérou

 

Police Brutality & Police Reform in Russia and the CIS – Articles (5)

· Mark Galeotti, 
” Purges, Power and Purpose: Medvedev’s 2011 police reforms “

· Boris Gladarev, 
” Russian Police before the 2010-2011 Reform: A Police Officer’s Perspective “

· Yulia Chistyakova et Annette Robertson , 
”Youtube Cops and Power Without Limits : Understanding Police Violence in 21st Century Russia”

· Perrine Poupin, 
” « Démocratie dirigée » et manifestations protestataires de rue à Moscou : quelle partition joue la police ? [« Planned Democracy » and Street Protest Marches in Moscow : What Musical Score is Playing the Police?] “

· Kornely Kakachia et Liam O’Shea, 
” Why does police reform appear to have been more successful in Georgia than in Kyrgyzstan or Russia? “

Police Brutality & Police Reform in Russia and the CIS – Conversations (2)

· « […] Local police officers are accused of violence […] but case officers have an opportunity to commit acts of violence with impunity » – Interview with Ekaterina Khozhdaeva, Associate Professor in Sociology, Kazan ” – Interview conducted by Anne Le Huérou et Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski

· « Nowadays, the [Kyrgyz] Police force exhibits all signs of crisis of the system » – E-mail interview with Alexander Zelichenko, former colonel of the Kyrgyz Police, Director of the Central-Asian Drug Policy Center – Interview conducted by Anne Le Huérou et Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski


Police Brutality & Police Reform in Russia and the CIS – Document (1)

· Natalia Taubina, 
” Russie : la société civile et le système répressif avant le début officiel de la réforme [Russia : Civil Society and the Law Enforcement System Prior to the Official Initiation of the Reform] “


 Police Brutality & Police Reform in Russia and the CIS – Bibliography

· ” E. Sieca-Kozlowski , A Suggested Bibliography


Police Brutality & Police Reform in Russia and the CIS – Book Reviews (5)

· 
P. Hagenloh, Stalin’s Police. Public order and mass repression in the USSR, 1926-1941 “, reviewed by F.-X. Nérard

· M. Galeotti (Ed.), The Politics of Security in Modern Russia “, reviewed by E. Bertrand

· B. Taylor, State Building in Putin’s Russia. Policing and Coercion after Communism, reviewed by G.Favarel-Garrigues

· Fond “Obshchestvennii verdict”, Reforma militsiia: otsenki i ozhidaniia grazhdan: resultaty sotsiologicheskikh issledovanii i kommentarii ekspertov , reviewed by A. Robertson

· V. Voronkov, B. Gladarev, L. Sagitova, Militsiia i etnicheskie migranty: praktiki vzaimodeistviia, reviewed by A. Regamey

 

Elisabeth Kozlowski
The Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies

New Book – Бытовое насилие в истории российской повседневности (XI-XXI вв.) / под ред. М. Муравьева, Н. Пушкарева. СПб, 2012. 200 с.

Бытовое насилие в истории российской повседневности

Бытовое насилие в истории российской повседневности (XI-XXI вв.) / под ред. М. Муравьева, Н. Пушкарева. СПб.: Европейский университет в Санкт-Петербурге, 2012. 200 с.

Книга знакомит читателя с историей насилия в российском обществе XI–XXI вв. В сборник вошли очерки ведущих российских и зарубежных специалистов по истории супружеского насилия, насилия против женщин и детей, основанные на разнообразном источниковом материале, большая часть которого впервые вводится в научный оборот.

Издание предназначено для специалистов в области социальных и гуманитарных наук и людей, изучающих эту проблему.

Описание на сайте издательства.

 

 

 

Содержание:

Введение. Повседневность и обыденность насилия в социальной

жизни: гендерный аспект . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Очерк первый

Наталья Пушкарева. Позорящие наказания для женщин: исто-

ки и последствия гендерной асимметрии в русском традиционном

и писаном праве . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Средневековье: «если не найдется девства у отроковицы…» . . . 13

Конец XV–XVII в.: отношение к стыду и «почестности» . . . . . . 17

XVIII столетие: «прохудившиеся» и «блудодейницы» . . . . . . . . . 23

XIX — начало XX в.: «о наказаниях дев за обиды против добрых

нравов» . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

XIX — начало XX в.: «если жена в отсутствие мужа изменит ему…» 39

Последнее столетие: 1910–2010 гг. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Очерк второй

Марианна Муравьева. Повседневные практики насилия: супружеское

насилие в русских семьях XVIII в. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

К историографии вопроса . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

Дидактика и закон: злые жены против добрых . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

Виды и типы супружеского насилия . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

Побои и увечья: физическое насилие в семье . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

Некоторые выводы . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

Очерк третий

Дмитрий Михель, Ирина Михель. Инфантицид глазами образованного

российского общества второй половины XIX — начала ХХ в. . . . . . 105

Инфантицид в поле зрения историков и других специалистов 106

Инфантицид как преступление: позиция юристов . . . . . . . . . . 117

Инфантицид как результат отсутствия помощи: взгляд медиков 123

Инфантицид как социальное зло: голос журналистов . . . . . . . 133

Очерк четвертый

Вероника Шаповалова. Сестренки, мамки, дамки: тема насилия

в женских лагерных мемуарах . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142

Очерк пятый

Игорь Кон. Телесные наказания девочек и мальчиков в России XX —

начала XXI в.: повседневные практики и общественное мнение . . . 164

Исторические истоки . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168

Советская Россия . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174

Воспоминания мальчиков . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177

Воспоминания девочек . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179

Современная Россия . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184

Степень распространенности телесных наказаний . . . . . . . . . . . 185

Отношение к телесным наказаниям . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188

Abstracts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197

Сведения об авторах . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .