Tag Archives: soviet history

Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence – Scholarly Review – Memory of Political Repression in Post-Soviet Russia

Culture & Experience of Violence in Russian History – Workshop in Paris

On September 8th and 9th, CERCEC is hosting in Paris a 2 days Franco-German workshop on Culture and Experience of Violence in the Russian History.

programm and details available on http://lodel.ehess.fr/cercec/docannexe.php?id=1684

 

5èmes Journées franco-allemandes

Culture et expérience de la violence dans l’histoire russe

5. Deutsch-französischer Workshop

Gewaltkultur und Gewalterfahrung in der russischen Geschichte

Supported by Fritz Thyssen Foundation, Cologne

Thursday, 8 September 2011 14.00-14.30 Welcome and Introduction

  •  Jörg Baberowski and Alain Blum 14.30-15.00 Mobilising Fighters
  • Stefan Wiese: The „Pogrom Paradigm”. A Case Study on the Role of the Black Hundreds and Jewish Self-Defense in 1905

15.00-16.00 Elite Violence

  • Tadzio Schilling: Deadly Jokes? Laughing and Dying in Stalin’s Kremlin  Andreas Oberender: Stealing from the State. The 1937-1938 Purge of Soviet Economic Officials Reconsidered

Coffee & Tea Break

16.30-17.30 Trickling Down, Creeping Up  Botakoz Kassymbekova: Raped by the State? Cases of Sexual Violence in Early Soviet Courts

  •  Anastasia Gorelik: Violence, Mass Media and the Putin Cult

Dîner

Friday, 9 September 2011 9.30-10.30 Civil Wars and Famines

  •  Thomas Chopard: The Origins of the Ukrainian Famine, 1919-1923  Robert Kindler: Fear and Loathing in the Steppe. Civil Wars in Kazakhstan, 1929-1931

10.45-11.45 Soldiering for the Motherland

  •  Masha Cerovic: From Peace to War. Demobilization and Remobilization in German- occupied Soviet Territories, 1941-1942
  •  Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski: From Combat Trauma to Abandonment and Marginalization. State Violence towards Disabled Veterans of the Chechen Wars

12.00-13.00 Grappling with Nature, Human and Other

  •  Christian Teichmann: Changing Tides on the Oxus. The Lower Amu Daria, 1920s to 1940s  Marc Élie: Dessicated Steppes. Droughts, Erosion, Climate Change and the Crisis of Soviet

Agriculture, 1960s to 1980s

Lunch Break

14.00-15.00 Reprisals on Religion

  •  Ulrike Huhn: Popular Religious Celebrations after the Great War  Nikolai Mitrokhin: Persecuting Religious Believers in the Brezhnev Era.

Institutional and Personal Responsibilities 15.15-16.00 Memories and Memorials

  •  Alain Blum, Isabelle Ohayon and Marta Craveri: The Oral History Project „Archives sonores. Mémoires européennes du Goulag“

16.00-17.00 Comments, Conclusions  Susanne Schattenberg and Gabor Rittersporn

Venue

Centre d’études des mondes russe, caucasien et centre-européen 44, rue de l’Amiral Mouchez 75014 Paris

http://cercec.ehess.fr

Organisation

Lehrstuhl Geschichte Osteuropas Institut für Geschichtswissenschaften Philosophische Fakultät I Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Unter den Linden 6

10099 Berlin

http://oeg.geschichte.hu-berlin.de

Funding

Fritz Thyssen Stiftung Apostelnkloster 13-15 50672 Köln http://www .fritz-thyssen-stiftung.de

Documentary Film – “Le Dissident du KGB” by Nicolas Jallot

Présenté le Jeudi 18 novembre 2010 à 22h50 sur Arte, le documentaire est encore disponible en streaming sur ARTE TV pendant une semaine après la diffusion.

http://videos.arte.tv/fr/videos/le_dissident_du_kgb-3533968.html

Le documentaire de Nicolas Jallot “Le dissident du KGB” est une enquête sur un officier de la police politique soviétique  passé de la répression des dissidents à l’adhésion à leur combat.

 résumé (d’Arte tv): 

En 1978, Viktor Orekhov est arrêté par ses collègues du KGB et condamné à huit ans de camp. Issu d’une famille acquise à l’idéal communiste, ce brillant capitaine a commis l’irréparable. Pendant plus de deux ans, jouant un double jeu périlleux, il est venu en aide aux dissidents qu’il était chargé de surveiller.
Il aura fallu dix ans à Nicolas Jallot pour retrouver Orekhov. Exilé depuis 1997 aux États-Unis, où il se cache sous un faux nom, l’ancien officier raconte pour la première fois son histoire, avec précision et émotion. Les images d’archives couplées aux témoignages d’anciens responsables du KGB et de dissidents éclairent le parcours d’un homme courageux, qui forgea son esprit critique à la lecture des écrits interdits.

Publication Announcement – Robert Dale’s Article “Rats and Resentment ; the Demobilization of the Red Army in Post-War Leningrad, 1945-1950”

On the topic of demobilization and social adaptation of post-war veterans, we would like to draw your attention to Robert Dale’s article « Rats and Resentment ; the Demobilization of the Red Army in Post-War Leningrad, 1945-1950 »,  published in the Journal of Contemporary History, n° 45, 2010, pp.113-133.

Abstract

This article reassesses the myth of the heroic homecoming and successful Reintegration of Red Army veterans returning to Leningrad after 1945. Soviet propaganda created an official version of demobilization, which presented veterans as exemplary citizens who returned to civilian life with relative ease. This myth created the impression that ordinary Leningraders welcomed home returning veterans as heroes. Throughout the twentieth century the demobilization of mass conscript armies generated tensions and difficulties. Across Europe the experience of demobilization in the wake of industrialized warfare created resentment, disaffection and anger. In contrast to official myths, Leningrad’s veterans were little different from their counterparts elsewhere. Reports based on veterans’ letters intercepted by the military censor reveal that many exservicemen were deeply resentful of the reception they received in postwar Leningrad. The frustrations of demobilization were blamed on ‘rear-line rats’, a term of derision for officials believed to have shirked front-line service in favour of safer administrative jobs. These problems were not imagined by disaffected veterans. Other documents confirm that corruption and bureaucracy were widespread problems. Despite these simmering resentments, the myth of a successful demobilization has remained remarkably durable and continues to be accepted by historians and the general population.